By Bernd Kortmann
With greater than a hundred unique contributions authored by way of greatly acclaimed experts within the box, this two-volume guide is by means of a ways the main accomplished reference paintings on phonology and the first-ever finished review of the morphology and syntax of sorts of English on this planet. It covers all major nationwide common kinds, unique neighborhood, ethnic, and social types, significant touch forms, in addition to significant ESL kinds. The contributions are descriptive survey articles with a typical center, which makes the guide worthwhile from cross-dialectal and cross-linguistic views. The contributions supply info at the historic and cultural backgrounds in addition to the present sociolinguistic events, and supply cutting-edge studies on significant matters in present study. The instruction manual is observed by means of a CD-ROM delivering new sound fabric for every sort in addition to interactive maps. it is also accomplished bibliographies and hyperlinks to correct web pages. jointly, the instruction manual and the CD-ROM are an imperative reference paintings and examine instrument for sociolinguists, dialectologists, phonologists, grammarians, typologists, and experts in touch languages and types of English around the globe. Given its available kind and its wealthy auditory and visible aid, this instruction manual can also be ultimate for undergraduate and starting graduate scholars. The editors are chargeable for the subsequent themes: * Kate Burridge/ Bernd Kortmann: Australia / Pacific Archipelagos * Bernd Kortmann: British Isles: Morphology and Syntax * Rajend Mesthrie: Africa / South and Southeast Asia * Edgar W. Schneider: The Americas / Caribbean * Clive Upton: British Isles: Phonology
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Extra info for A handbook of varieties of English / CD-ROM. Varieties of English
Gunnel Melchers Research and data There exists as yet no definitive description of the present-day phonology of the Northern Isles. A number of young scholars, however, are currently researching topics such as the Shetland vowel system, aspects of quantity in Orkney and Shetland speech, and dialect levelling in young speakers. The final results from this research, which tends to focus on realizations of Standard (Scottish) English rather than traditional dialect, are unfortunately not yet available at the time of writing this text.
This does not mean that he should be ignored in a study of Shetland phonology. The phonological section of The Linguistic Survey of Scotland (LSS) (cf. Mather and Speitel 1986), which above all was designed to elicit vowel systems, included a number of localities in the Northern Isles (thirteen in Orkney, ten in Shetland). John C. Catford, who was instrumental in setting up the survey, took the view that Shetland phonology was unique among Scottish accents in its rich vowel system, palatalization of final /d/, /n/, and /l/, certain consonant mergers and characteristic syllable structure.
Matthews, William 1938 Cockney Past and Present: A Short History of the Dialect of London. London: Routledge. McArthur, Tom 1992 The Oxford Companion to the English Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2002 Oxford Guide to World English. Oxford: Oxford University Press. McMillan, James B. and Michel B. Montgomery 1989 Annotated Bibliography of Southern American English. Tuscaloosa/London: University of Alabama Press. McWhorter, John H. ) 2000 Language Change and Language Contact in Pidgins and Creoles.