Academic Patronage in the Scottish Enlightenment by James Hogg

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By James Hogg

This publication considers the ways that 388 males secured posts within the Scottish universities 1690-1806, from the purge following the Revolution of 1688 to the top of Henry Dundas's political occupation. such a lot professors have been political appointees vetted and supported by means of political factions and their leaders. This research considers the politics of patronage appointments on the universities in Glasgow, Edinburgh and St Andrews. The enhancing time table of political consumers and of these they served is taken into account and its relation to the Scottish Enlightenment is explored.Emerson argues that what used to be taking place in Scotland was once additionally taking place in different elements of Europe the place, in really self sustaining localities, elite consumers additionally formed issues as they wanted them to be. In contemplating the origins and aid for the Enlightenment, the jobs of consumers could be thought of. This paintings relies on a lot archival examine and provides considerably to what's identified concerning the Scottish professoriat through the interval. For a few its arguments can be of value; for others it is going to function an invaluable reference paintings at the universities, one that provides a lot to what's identified approximately them.

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Eventually the rector came to be elected with student votes, generally for two one-year terms. The rector and his assessors (usually the principal and professors of his faction) had judicial functions which mattered. The rectorial court had initial jurisdictions over all civil and criminal cases involving a member of the University, a point which the town sometimes disputed. The rector was the head of the main University disciplinary court for students and heard the cases of masters appealing from disciplinary procedures initiated in the College.

By 1806 it appointed twenty-six men to about eighty-eight chairs (28 per cent) and paid salaries to three more. Its remit is given in A. G. Stewart, The Academic Gregories, 1901, pp. 55–7 and in GUA, 47393. Other Visitation papers can be found in GUA, 47328–47395. APS, 1908, IX:163f. In 1690, Crawford was President of the Convention Parliament, President of the Council and a Commissioner of Treasury. Personally pious, he prized orthodoxy but was not a man given to extreme measures. To his credit, he was made sick by witnessing the torture of prisoners, which seems not to have bothered other members of the Commission.

Ix–xvi and the studies noted in the bibliography. Wodrow, Analecta, 1853, IV:41. These earls would later be members of the Squadrone faction of Whigs. GUA, 46761. See below, p. 385f; Francis Pringle, ‘Common Place Book’, SAUL, LF1111:P8C99, p. 245. He was one of the ‘young men [who] had presumed to take upon them to Teach philosophie privately in the Town of Glasgow’, against whom Principal Fall complained to Lord Melville in c. 1688/9. ’ GUA, 26630/7f. For details on his life and teaching, see Emily Michael, ‘Francis Hutcheson’s Logicae compendium’, in Logic and the Workings of the Mind, ed.

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