Air-Cooled Heat Exchangers and Cooling Towers: Thermal-Flow by Detlev Kroger

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By Detlev Kroger

This new textual content represents the main certain and complete publication providing smooth perform and thought appropriate to the thermal-flow functionality review, layout, and optimization of air-cooled warmth exchangers and cooling towers. He additionally offers smooth analytical and empirical instruments used to judge the thermal-flow functionality and layout of air-cooled warmth exchangers and cooling towers. Kroger covers the right way to organize enhanced requirements and review extra serious bids with appreciate to thermal functionality of recent cooling structures. additional, Kroger explores development percentages with admire to retrofits of current cooling devices in addition to attainable affects of plant operations and environmental affects

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Extra info for Air-Cooled Heat Exchangers and Cooling Towers: Thermal-Flow Performance Evaluation and Design, Vol. 1

Example text

M. Ghuzel, and P. Lemoine, “Hydraulic Works Study of Golfech Cooling Towers,” Proceedings, International Cooling-Tower Conference, Electric Power Research Institute GS-6317, International Association for Hydraulics Research Cooling Tower Workshop, Pisa, Italy 1988. , “Betriebserfahrungen mit einem Luftkondensator,” Archiv für Wärmewirtschaft, 22–12: 265–268, 1941. , and L. Holly, “Dry Cooling Eliminates Thermal Pollution,” Energie, vol. 23, October and November 1971. , “Condensation by Means of Air for Steam Turbines Equipped with Injection Condensers,” 4th World Power Conference, vol.

The percentage of the heat exchanger surface that is wetted is automatically established by the pressure of the ammonia in the heat transport system. 2. In the augmentation condenser system, a portion of the ammonia vapor from the vapor-liquid separator is routed to a separate evaporative condenser in parallel with the air-cooled ammonia condenser. The fraction of ammonia is controlled by the ammonia pressure in the system. 3. In the capacitive-cooling system, a fraction of the steam from the last stage of the turbine is routed to a parallel water-cooled condenser.

And M. Monjoie, “Testing Procedure for Wet/Dry Plume Abatement Cooling Towers,” 9th International Association for Hydraulics Research Cooling Tower and Spraying Pond Symposium, von Karman Institute, Brussels, September 1994. , Lilburn, GA, 1994. , and H. Heeren, “Oberflächenkondensator für Trockenkühlung,” Vereinigung der Grosskraftwerksbetreiber Kraftwerkstechnik, 5: 301–306, May 1974. , “Cooling Towers and Thermal Release,” 9th International Association for Hydraulics Research Cooling Tower and Spraying Pond Symposium, von Karman Institute, Brussels, September 1994.

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