By Michael Frank Hordeski
Revised and up-to-date, Alternative Fuels addresses the various components affecting our power use, together with the supply and desirability of varied fuels—especially using hydrogen. This new version covers new hydrogen advancements in know-how, oil provides and new drilling options, most modern details on hydrogen street tasks, breakthroughs in gas cellphone expertise and extremely low emissions in transportation, the newest data on rising oil markets, strength reserves, and carbon dioxide raises.
Also incorporated is fabric on power coverage, gasoline offer traits, replacement situations, power usage, sustainable strength, price research, gas escalation, power and improvement, regulatory matters, limitations to implementation, conversion platforms, garage structures, thermodynamic potency, gas chain potency, life-cycle potency, expertise concerns extracting, refining, air emission concerns, security, normal fuel hydrogen gasoline, methanol, ethanol, steam reforming and gas cells.
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Extra info for Alternative Fuels: The Future of Hydrogen
Directional drilling is used extensively for underwater deposits. The derricks are mounted on modified ships or erected on platforms constructed at sea. A typical oil island is several miles off the coast. A steel platform rests on foundations 50 ft high. It must withstand winds of 160 mph and waves 30 ft high. The structure is more than 170 ft high, and in addition to the derrick and other equipment, the island must accommodate some 50 workers. It has fresh water and other provisions with a generating station.
The case is different with dual fuel engines that could use compressed natural gas and a liquid fuel. Engines can be converted to run on compressed natural gas at a cost of several thousand dollars. S. from fossil fuels. If consumers had a wider and more diverse set of energy sources, the economy could be more robust and the world could be more stable. , while power plants burning fossil fuels are responsible for more than 40% of CO2 emissions. Fuel cells can be used to generate electricity for homes and businesses.
To about 6,500 megawatts, enough for less than 2 million homes. Wind is expected to provide about 6% of the nation’s power by 2020. S. to hydrogen power would require the electricity output of a million wind turbines, enough to cover half of California. Solar panels would also require huge areas of land. Water may be another factor for hydrogen production, especially in the sunny regions most suitable for solar power. C. estimates that obtaining enough hydrogen with electrolysis would require over 4 trillion gallons of water yearly.