By Helmut Breitmeier
Regime concept has develop into an more and more influential method of the research of diplomacy, quite within the parts of foreign political economic system and foreign environmental politics. The conceptual attraction of the belief of "governance with no executive" -- during which a mix of alternative firms and associations provide governance to deal with particular difficulties -- displays a global during which the call for for governance is superb however the time-honored mechanisms for providing it are vulnerable. so much study on overseas regimes employs qualitative tools, usually utilizing case reviews to enhance greater theoretical arguments; yet an absence of standardization makes comparative research tough. Analyzing foreign Environmental Regimes introduces the overseas Regimes Database (IRD), a big methodological innovation that permits students to undertake a quantitative method of the learn of foreign regimes.
The IRD is a relational database that makes it attainable to match files on particular points of a few overseas environmental regimes which are coded utilizing a unmarried, well-defined set of suggestions, definitions, and scales. The booklet first describes the database and discusses a few methodological, technical, and architectural concerns. It then illustrates using the IRD as an analytic software, drawing at the database for descriptive information to guage theoretical principles approximately compliance, selection principles, and the function of information. A CD containing the total IRD information protocol and the entire facts presently within the database accompanies the book.
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Additional info for Analyzing International Environmental Regimes: From Case Study to Database (Global Environmental Accord: Strategies for Sustainability and Institutional Innovation)
In other regimes, coding experts decided to include competing economic and environmental interests as elements of a single problem deﬁnition. A case in point is the biodiversity regime where the coders agreed on ‘‘the conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of its components, and fair sharing of beneﬁts arising out of the use of genetic resources’’ as a characterization of the problem addressed by this regime. While the coders agreed on a single problem for the majority of regimes, there are cases involving several distinct problems.
Similarly, the protocol allows coders to express their views regarding the causal mechanisms affecting the behavior of key actors with regard to compliance/conformance. The result is an opportunity to engage in qualitative analysis in a setting that makes it possible to use information relating to a range of cases and in which it is feasible to examine comparable information across individual cases. Although the most distinctive feature of the IRD is its ability to support the ‘‘testing’’ of hypotheses using large numbers of records, then, we believe the database will also appeal to analysts desiring to engage in qualitative studies that draw on information pertaining to a number of distinct regimes.
This strand of research rests on the assumption that by improving consensual knowledge or developing incentives to comply with international 28 Chapter 2 rules, institutions can prevent the overexploitation of natural resources or avoid the degradation of the environment caused by pollution (Chayes and Chayes 1995; Koremenos, Lipson, and Snidal 2001; Mitchell 1994a; Ostrom 1990; Weiss and Jacobson 1998; Victor, Raustiala, and Skolnikoff 1998). We can use information about regime attributes to ‘‘test’’ hypotheses explaining improvements in the knowledge base, variations in compliance on the part of members, or the effectiveness of regimes in solving the problems that give rise to their creation.