By John Woods, Andrew Irvine, Douglas Walton
This textual content is designed for the serious pondering and common sense classes present in philosophy and normal schooling departments at either universities and colleges.
The most original function of the textual content is its good beginning in common sense. The dialogue of fallacies is built-in with good judgment in a fashion no longer noticeable in different texts. This remedy presents scholars with instruments to guage their very own and different peoples considering logically in addition to examine and investigate an argument.
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Additional info for Argument: Critical Thinking, Logic, and the Fallacies, Second Canadian Edition
Hume tells us “that we assent to our faculties, and employ our reason only because we 12 Thomas Reid, Inquiry and Essays, p. 4. , p. 85. xml CY402/Lemos 0521837847 May 4, 2004 1:10 cannot help it. ”15 Strawson agrees with Hume in this assessment of our basic “framework” beliefs – for example, beliefs in the existence of bodies, other people, and a determinate past. Such framework beliefs are “unavoidable natural convictions, commitments or prejudices, . . ”16 From the claim that these framework beliefs are ineradicable, Strawson draws the following moral for dealing with skeptical arguments, one he finds already in Hume: According to Hume the naturalist, skeptical arguments are not to be met with argument.
Suppose such reflection supports the view that reliable faculties are necessary for knowledge. But now consider the position of one who accepts (1) I know that I have perceptual knowledge, (2) I know that I have perceptual knowledge only if perception is reliable, and (3) I do not know whether perception is reliable. The common sense philosopher and most of those not skeptical about perception will accept (1). Philosophical reflection on the nature of knowledge might convince us that (2) is true.
Even if we do not take our philosophical views as more likely to be true, or see our common sense beliefs as ineradicable prejudice, could we not simply recognize the inconsistency, continue to hold our philosophical views, and hope that further reflection will remove the impasse? “But,” one might object, “even if we cannot give up various common sense beliefs, could we not accept certain philosophical views because accepting them brings us greater overall coherence? Even if some set of irresistible beliefs form a consistent set of beliefs, we might adopt a philosophical theory T because of the greater coherence it brings to our views.