The romantic fiction of pirates as swashbuckling marauders terrorizing the excessive seas has lengthy eclipsed ancient truth. Bandits at Sea deals a long-overdue corrective to the mythology and the mystique which has plagued the learn of pirates and served to disclaim them their rightful legitimacy as topics of investigation.
With essays via the most important students on those countercultural "social bandits"—as Lingua Franca lately dubbed them—this assortment examines a variety of facets of the phenomenon within the 3 major components the place it happened: the Caribbean/Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and East Asia. We come to appreciate who pirates have been, in addition to the socio-economic contexts less than which they built and flourished.
Comparisons among a number of kinds of piracy illustrate changes in perform and goal among pirates of alternative parts; social histories, together with examinations of ladies pirates and their old value and conditions, supply comparable perception into the non-public lives of pirates from varied areas. faraway from serving as dens of thieves, pirate ships have been usually hugely regulated microcosms of democracy. The crews of pirate vessels knew that majority rule, racial equality and equitable department of spoils have been the most important for his or her survival, marking them as considerably extra liberal than nationwide governments.
Scholars, scholars and a basic viewers ever intrigued via tales—and now truths—of piracy at the excessive seas will welcome Bandits at Sea.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction: dropped at e-book: interpreting approximately Pirates 3
2 The Pirate and the Emperor: strength and the legislation at the Seas, 1450-1850 25
3 The Geography of Piracy: Northern Morocco within the Mid-Nineteenth Century 55
4 The Origins and law of Eighteenth-Century British Privateering 69
5 Piracy and global historical past: An fiscal viewpoint on Maritime Predation 82
6 Pirates and Markets 107
7 Corsairing as a advertisement approach: the sides of valid Trade 125
8 The Seaman as Pirate: Plunder and Social Banditry at Sea 139
9 Outlaws at Sea, 1660-1720: Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity one of the Caribbean Freebooters 169
10 Black males less than the Black Flag 195
11 The Buccaneer Community 211
12 The perform of Homosexuality one of the Pirates of overdue Eighteenth- and Early Nineteenth-Century China 244
13 Cheng I Sao in truth and Fiction 253
14 Women and Piracy in eire: From Grainne O'Malley to Anne Bonny 283
15 Liberty underneath the Jolly Roger: The Lives of Anne Bonny and Mary learn, Pirates 299
16 Women one of the Uskoks of Senj: Literary photos and Reality 321
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Extra resources for Bandits at Sea: A Pirates Reader
23 After a trip of several months, a pirate was anxious to get rid of his cargo (if, for example, as in the case of Hawkins, some slaves had fallen ill), and it was necessary to force the exchange and make use of cannon against the colonists. 24 At times, even under those conditions no exchange would be possible, but pirates would still need return merchandise or simply fresh provisions and water. This could lead them then to loot the churches, official buildings, and private houses of Spanish American towns, though pirates were often content to attack unprotected settlements along the coasts, sugar mills, and cattle farms.
However, the epigraph at the beginning of this chapter about the pirate and the emperor (an anecdote borrowed by St. 12 In the twentieth century, the anticolonial wars exhibited a similar dynamic of “pirate and emperor,” translated into disputes over recognition or illegality. In the 1930s the Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Sandino was a bandit in the eyes of the North Americans, and in the 1940s the German authorities of occupied France viewed as terrorists the résistants loyal to France libre. The parallels with native or Creole resistance against European conquest or dominance are legion throughout the era of European expansion.
A few even believed with Grotius that the sea should be open and long-distance trade free of all conﬂict. The propositions of many remained utopian: As mentioned, it is within a national framework that laws dealing with international matters were elaborated, among them those on navigation and trade that dealt with piracy. Different laws supported differing policies: either, as in the case of English and French monarchies after the Iberians, to control trading routes and monopolies; or, as in the case of the Dutch Republic, to keep trade open and free— save in regions where the Dutch themselves claimed a monopoly.