Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining by Jens Holm-Nielsen, Ehiaze Augustine Ehimen

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By Jens Holm-Nielsen, Ehiaze Augustine Ehimen

Biomass provide Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining highlights the emergence of strength new release by using biomass and the methods it truly is turning into extra universal. the availability chains that produce the feedstocks, harvest, shipping, shop, and get ready them for combustion or refinement into different kinds of gasoline are lengthy and complicated, usually differing from feedstock to feedstock.

Biomass provide Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining considers each element of those provide chains, together with their layout, administration, socioeconomic, and environmental affects. the 1st a part of the booklet introduces offer chains, biomass feedstocks, and their research, whereas the second one half seems on the harvesting, dealing with, garage, and transportation of biomass. The 3rd half reviews the modeling of provide chains and their administration, with the ultimate part discussing, in minute element, the provision chains interested in the creation and utilization of person feedstocks, akin to wooden and sugar starches, oil vegetation, commercial biomass wastes, and municipal sewage stocks.

  • Focuses at the complicated provide chains of a number of the strength feedstocks for biomass strength generation
  • Studies a variety of biomass feedstocks, together with woody strength vegetation, sugar and starch plants, lignocellulosic vegetation, oil vegetation, grass plants, algae, and biomass waste
  • Reviews the modeling and optimization, criteria, qc and traceability, socioeconomic, and environmental affects of provide chains

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Extra resources for Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining

Sample text

In general, trees and lignocellulosic grass crops selected for combustion purposes have a higher NUE than common food and feed crops (Jørgensen and Schelde, 2001). 1), which are generally lower for woody biomass than herbaceous or food crops. Biomass feedstocks 35 Sustainable ecological intensification of forest plantations can also be achieved through the association of N2-fixing species with commonly used species, with the goal to increase stand production as, in particular, a result of better N and P availability in the soil.

2012). Increasing resource use efficiency through resource cascading (which is “a method for optimizing resource utilization through a sequential re-use of the remaining resource quality from previously used commodities and substances”; Sirkin and ten Houten, 1994, p. 215) can be beneficial concerning energy and carbon balances when wood resources are limited, since the use of other, less favorable energy sources and materials is avoided (Sathre and Gustavsson, 2006). Optimizing the use of wood resources through enhanced integration of the forestewood chain is an important consideration when it comes to meeting an increasing demand for wood-based products (Gardiner and Moore, 2014).

As a middle ground alleviating the ensuing competition for terrestrial land, marginal lands attracted a lot of attention recently, especially on those tracts of land where it is currently not profitable to grow crops for food, feed or fiber purposes. However, despite rather large estimates for the area of such land worldwide, there have been up to now few conclusive examples delivering such a promise. Thus, in a given local context, it appears difficult to design supply chains based only on waste streams, residues or surplus marginal land, which would operate separately from current agricultural or forestry value-chains.

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