By Frank S. D'Amelio Sr.
Botanicals became familiar in lots of good looks items and for the aim of aromatherapy. Phytochemistry-the chemistry of crops, plant methods, and plant products-is of serious curiosity to these concerned with either the medicinal and beauty homes of botanicals. Botanicals: A Phytocosmetic table Reference is the 1st connection with technique this popularly handled subject from a systematic viewpoint. It bargains a transparent, prepared method of plant components, homes, and beauty functions and covers the commonest folkloric use of botanicals. via supplying an summary of crucial botanicals in use at the present time, this reference may be of significant use to phytochemists, beauty chemists, herbalists, and aromatherapists.
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Extra resources for Botanicals: A Phytocosmetic Desk Reference
Golden Seal (Hydrastis canadensis L. Ranunculaceae) contains hydrastine, berberine, and canadine. Analytical procedures (TLC, GLC, and HPLC) are available to assay these active constituents. Golden Seal extracts could be standardized to any or all. Since berberine (which gives the Golden Seal its yellow color) is available in quantity from other botanicals (Berberis vulgaris, which is approximately 20 times less costly), it would make sense to standardize on hydrastine rather than berberine. Berberine from other botanicals could be used to adulterate the extract.
Therefore, it is necessary to know the histology of the genuine drug and its common adulterants. For example, rhubarb and ginger are characterized by their non-lignified vessels. Senega root is characterized by the absence of calcium oxalate crystals, starch, fibers, and sclerenchyma; Henna leaf by the absence of starch. Microscopical techniques, however, require years of experience to acquire a really good knowledge of the microscopy of drugs and other plant material. Clearing agents, mountants, and stains are commonly used and a cover glass must always be applied to protect the microscope Plant identification and archiving lenses and facilitate examination.
A mixture of 20 g phenol, 20 g lactic acid, 40 g glycerin, and 20 ml water. 5 g lead acetate in 75 cc water; left aside for 48 hours with occasional shaking; filtered, then sufficient recently boiled and cooled water is passed through the filter to produce 100 ml. 1 g calcium hydroxide shaken thoroughly and repeatedly with 100 ml water. Set aside until clear, and the clear liquid is siphoned when required for use. 1 g ammonium vanadate in 200 g sulfuric acid. 353 g mercuric chloride in 60 ml water, mixed with a solution of 5 g potassium iodide in 20 cc of water, and then diluted to 100 ml with water.