By Committee on Military Nutrition Research, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine
This document from the Committee on army food examine reports the background of caffeine utilization, the metabolism of caffeine, and its physiological results. the results of caffeine on actual functionality, cognitive functionality and application, and relief of sleep deprivation impairments are mentioned in gentle of contemporary medical literature. The impression of caffeine intake on numerous points of wellbeing and fitness, together with heart problems, copy, bone mineral density, and fluid homeostasis are reviewed. The behavioral results of caffeine also are mentioned, together with the impression of caffeine on response to emphasize, withdrawal results, and harmful results of excessive intakes. The quantities of caffeine stumbled on to reinforce vigilance and response time regularly are reviewed and suggestions are made with recognize to quantities of caffeine acceptable for protecting alertness of army team of workers in the course of box operations. strategies also are supplied at the want for acceptable labeling of caffeine-containing vitamins, and schooling of army team of workers at the use of those vitamins. a quick assessment of a few possible choices to caffeine can also be supplied.
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Extra info for Caffeine for the Sustainment of Mental Task Performance: Formulations for Military Operations
Caffeine use has been associated with increased alertness and enhanced physical performance, and as a countermeasure to the effects of sleep deprivation. Extensive research has been done on each of these effects of caffeine. A brief summary of research findings on the efficacy of caffeine is presented here. PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE Caffeine has been proposed as an ergogenic aid in physical performance. Its use is associated with a reproducible increase in endurance time in activities of moderate intensity and long duration.
NOTE: It is important to emphasize that the responses to the questions and recommendations in this report are specific to military operations and are not necessarily applicable to the needs of the civilian population. In particular, it is recognized that mental alertness and vigilance in situations of sleep deprivation may be necessary during military operations in order to achieve mission objectives. In the civilian environment, taking large doses of caffeine to offset lack of sleep in situations where public safety and health could potentially be compromised, such as in the operation of aircraft, motor vehicles, heavy equipment, delicate life-saving procedures, and the like, is not justified.
Recommendations Definitive research is needed regarding the combined effects of caffeine and carbohydrate on performance since data currently available are inconclusive. If a food bar or some other solid food matrix is used, the rapidity and extent of caffeine absorption and action must be evaluated. Under certain circumstances, such as heat stress or desert operations, chewing gums may offer practical operational advantages over a food/energy bar. Thus, two delivery vehicles should be considered.