Catholicism

Catholicism and the Shaping of Nineteenth-Century America by Jon Gjerde

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By Jon Gjerde

Catholicism and the Shaping of Nineteenth-Century the United States deals a sequence of clean views on some of the most ordinary subject matters - the nation's come upon with Catholicism - in nineteenth-century American heritage. whereas spiritual and immigration historians have construed this historical past in univocal phrases, Jon Gjerde bridges sectarian divides by way of proposing Protestants and Catholics in dialog with one another. In so doing, Gjerde unearths the ways that America's come upon with Catholicism used to be even more than a narrative approximately American nativism. Nineteenth-century non secular debates raised questions about the elemental underpinnings of the yankee country and society: the form of the antebellum marketplace economic climate, the transformation of gender roles within the American relatives, and where of slavery in an ostensibly democratic polity have been just a couple of of the problems engaged by means of Protestants and Catholics in a full of life and enduring dialectic. whereas the query of where of Catholics in the United States was once left unresolved, the very debates surrounding this query generated a number of conceptions of yankee pluralism and American nationwide id.

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Cybertheology : thinking Christianity in the era of the by Antonio Spadaro

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By Antonio Spadaro

This publication, written via Antonio Spadaro, S.J., the Editor of La Civiltà Cattolica, has been translated via Maria approach, who makes a speciality of themes when it comes to media and faith. the writer means that because the web has replaced, and is altering, the ways that we predict and act, it also needs to be altering the ways that we expect Christianity and its theology. To advance this subject matter, he makes use of the time period 'Cybertheology'.

Through the theoretical works of a number of authors, e.g., Marshall McLuhan, Peter Lévy and Teilhard de Chardin, he affiliates the suggestions of theology with theories which were expounded on the web. His assets come from media reviews and anthropology, in addition to theology. Spadaro additionally considers the hacker ethic relating to Cybertheology. How has the web replaced our suggestion of theology? Has the net had comparable results at the taking into consideration Christianity that have been skilled after the improvement of different media technologies?

The booklet goals to explain simply how considering has replaced or remained an analogous in an period that is usually visible as one during which the media's adjustments have sped up. It considers either the positives and negatives that could be linked to the web relating to Christianity and its theology.

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Who Is Mary?: Three Early Modern Women on the Idea of the by Vittoria Colonna, Chiara Matraini, Lucrezia Marinella, Susan

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By Vittoria Colonna, Chiara Matraini, Lucrezia Marinella, Susan Haskins

For ladies of the Italian Renaissance, the Virgin Mary was once some of the most vital function types. who's Mary? offers devotional works written through 3 girls higher identified for his or her secular writings: Vittoria Colonna, famed for her Petrarchan lyric verse; Chiara Matraini, probably the most unique poets of her new release; and the wide-ranging, intellectually bold polemicist Lucrezia Marinella. At a time while the cult of the Virgin used to be present process a considerable means of redefinition, those texts solid attention-grabbing gentle at the ideals  of Catholic girls within the Renaissance, and likewise, within the situations of Matraini and Marinella, on contemporaneous women’s social habit, prescribed for them by means of male writers in books on girl decorum.              who's Mary? testifies to the emotional and religious relationships that girls had with the determine of Mary, whom they have been required to emulate because the epitome of femininity. Now to be had for the 1st time in English-language translation, those writings recommend new percentages for girls in either spiritual and civil tradition and supply a window to women’s spirituality, about the most vital icon set prior to them, as better halves, moms, and Christians.  

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Popes and antipopes : the politics of eleventh century by Mary Stroll

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By Mary Stroll

A revolution shook the Christian global within the moment half the 11th century. Many eminent historians element to Hildebrand, later Gregory VII (1073-1085), because the leading mover of this circulate that aspired to unfastened the Church from secular entanglements, and to come it to its kingdom of paleochristian purity. I see the reform from the point of view of a lot wider advancements akin to the cut up among the Greek and the Latin church buildings and the Norman infiltration of Southern Italy. Contentrating at the popes and the antipopes I delve into the nature and motivations of the $64000 personae, and don't see the circulate as a soft line of development. I see the result as reversal of energy of what have been a robust empire and a susceptible papacy.

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The Essential Aquinas: Writings on Philosophy, Religion, and by John Y. Hood

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By John Y. Hood

Well known as one of many dominant figures in Western highbrow culture, Thomas Aquinas has encouraged quite a few fields of suggestion for hundreds of years. This new anthology of his writings, translated from the unique Latin through Hood, comprises choices from a extensive diversity of his issues and ideas. It comprises works of systemic theology, commentaries at the Bible, Aristotle, and different texts of the classical culture. Divided into 8 chapters, the booklet bargains vast decisions from every one of Aquinas' parts of curiosity: Metaphysics, traditional technology, Human Nature, legislations and Ethics, Catholic Theology, the research of the Bible, paintings and wonder, and the Social global. In bright translations and enlightening introductions to the decisions, Hood presents readers with a wealthy evaluate of the real paintings of this particular philosopher.

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Keepers of the Keys of Heaven: A History of the Papacy by Roger Collins

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By Roger Collins

From Saint Peter to John Paul II, a brilliantly lucid and entire single-volume background of the papacy via a individual spiritual scholar.

Roger Collins is learn Fellow of the varsity of historical past, Classics, and Archaeology on the college of Edinburgh. the writer of various books and articles within the box of spiritual historical past, he lives in Edinburgh.

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Hildegard von Bingen's Physica: The Complete English by Hildegard of Bingen

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By Hildegard of Bingen

Natural medication / background of medication

“Saint, mystic, healer, visionary, fighter, Hildegard von Bingen stands as one of many nice figures within the background of ladies in drugs. She wrote profusely on a wide selection of topics, greater than the other lady of her time. . . . She used to be a chum and correspondent of popes, emperors, and queens and used to be well known and revered for her therapeutic paintings and her unique theories of medicine.”
--Elisabeth Brooke, in Women Healers

At a time while few ladies may write and such a lot have been denied a proper schooling, Hildegard von Bingen grew to become a mythical healer, visionary, musician, artist, poet, and saint. Her works contain twenty-seven symphonic compositions; Scivias, a compilation of her visions; and her significant scientific works, Causae et Curae, a clinical compendium, and Physica, released right here in English in its entirety for the 1st time.

In Physica, Hildegard offers 9 “books” of therapeutic structures: vegetation, parts, bushes, Stones, Fish, Birds, Animals, Reptiles, and Metals. In each one publication she discusses the traits of those usual creations and elaborates on their medicinal use, explaining the best way to arrange and practice varied treatments. With its emphasis on balancing the humors, Physica has robust affinity with the Oriental scientific ways gaining nice recognize at the present time. the trendy reader attracted to common therapeutic will realize the big fact within the theories of this twelth-century general practitioner, lots of which turn out potent at the present time, serving as a reminder that our therapies for disease depend upon our wildlife and our position in it. As Hildegard states in Physica, “With earth used to be the man or woman created. the entire components served mankind and, sensing that he was once alive, they busied themselves in helping his existence in each way.”

A Latin and Greek pupil, translator PRISCILLA THROOP holds a master’s measure from the Centre for Medieval stories on the college of Toronto, in addition to a certificates of complex Theological reviews from the Episcopal Divinity college in Cambridge. She is a member of the Vermont Classical Language organization and is presently translating Isidore of Seville’s Etymologiae. She lives in Charlotte, Vermont.

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The Dark Box: A Secret History of Confession by John Cornwell

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By John Cornwell

Confession is a vital ritual of the Catholic Church, supplying absolution of sin and religious assistance to the trustworthy. but this historical sacrament has additionally been a resource of controversy and oppression, culminating, as prize-winning historian John Cornwell finds at the hours of darkness field, with the scandal of clerical baby abuse. Drawing on wide ancient assets, modern studies, and first-hand money owed, Cornwell takes a troublesome examine the lengthy evolution of confession.

The papacy made annual, one-on-one confession compulsory for the 1st time within the thirteenth century. within the period that undefined, confession was once a resource of non secular comfort in addition to sexual and mercenary scandal. in the course of the sixteenth century, the Church brought the confession field to avoid sexual solicitation of ladies, yet this inner most house gave upward thrust to new varieties of temptation, either for penitents and confessors. but no section within the tale of the sacrament has had such drastic results as a historical decree through Pope Pius X in 1910. In response to the religious perils of the hot century, Pius sought to defend the Catholic devoted by way of decreasing the age at which childrens made their first confession from their early kids to seven, whereas exhorting all Catholics to admit often rather than every year. This sweeping, inappropriately early imposition of the sacrament gave clergymen an extraordinary and privileged function within the lives of younger boys and girls—a function major quantity may make the most within the a long time that followed.

A much-needed account of confession’s fraught heritage, The darkish field explores the assets of the sacrament’s damage and disgrace, whereas spotting its carrying on with energy to supply comfort and reconciliation.

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The Catholic Enlightenment: The Forgotten History of a by Ulrich L. Lehner

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By Ulrich L. Lehner

"Whoever wishes an act of religion to clarify an occasion that may be defined via cause is a idiot, and unworthy of average thought." This line, spoken via the infamous 18th-century libertine Giacomo Casanova, illustrates a deeply entrenched notion of faith, as established at the present time because it used to be hundreds and hundreds of years in the past. it's the sentiment in the back of the narrative that Catholic ideals have been incompatible with the Enlightenment beliefs. Catholics, many declare, are superstitious and standard, against democracy and gender equality, and adversarial to technology. it might come as a shock, then, to profit that Casanova himself was once a Catholic. In The Catholic Enlightenment, Ulrich L. Lehner issues to such figures as representatives of a long-overlooked thread of a reform-minded Catholicism, which engaged Enlightenment beliefs with as a lot fervor and highbrow gravity as somebody. Their tale opens new pathways for knowing how religion and modernity can have interaction in our personal time.

Lehner starts off 200 years earlier than the Enlightenment, whilst the Protestant Reformation destroyed the hegemony Catholicism had loved for hundreds of years. in this time the Catholic Church instituted a number of reforms, resembling greater schooling for pastors, extra liberal rules in regards to the roles of girls, and an emphasis on human freedom as a severe function of theology. those activities shaped the basis of the Enlightenment's trust in person freedom. whereas giants like Spinoza, Locke, and Voltaire grew to become the most influential voices of the time, Catholic Enlighteners have been correct along them. They denounced fanaticism, superstition, and prejudice as irreconcilable with the Enlightenment schedule.

In 1789, the French Revolution dealt a devastating blow to their reason, disillusioning many Catholics opposed to the belief of modernization. Popes amassed ever extra energy and the Catholic Enlightenment was once snuffed out. It used to be now not till the second one Vatican Council in 1962 that questions of Catholicism's compatibility with modernity will be broached back.

Ulrich L. Lehner tells, for the 1st time, the forgotten tale of those reform-minded Catholics. As Pope Francis pushes the bounds of Catholicism even extra, and Catholics once more grapple with those questions, this e-book will turn out to be required reading.

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