Child Welfare for the 21st Century: A Handbook of Practices, by Gerald P. Mallon, Peg McCartt Hess

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By Gerald P. Mallon, Peg McCartt Hess

This updated and entire source via leaders in baby welfare is the 1st ebook to mirror the influence of the Adoption and secure households Act (ASFA) of 1997. The textual content serves as a single-source reference for a wide range of pros who paintings in teenagers, adolescence, and kinfolk prone within the United States-policymakers, social employees, psychologists, educators, lawyers, guardians advert litem, and relatives court docket judges& mdash;and as a textual content for college kids of kid welfare perform and policy.Features comprise: * geared up round ASFA's guiding rules of future health, safeguard, and permanency * specialize in evidence-based "best practices" * Case examples built-in all through * First e-book to incorporate info from the 1st around of nationwide baby and kinfolk carrier ReviewsTopics mentioned contain the most recent on prevention of kid abuse and forget and baby protecting companies; threat and resilience in baby improvement; attractive households; connecting households with public and neighborhood assets; overall healthiness and psychological healthiness care wishes of youngsters and young people; family violence; substance abuse within the relations; relatives renovation prone; relations aid companies and the combination of family-centered practices in baby welfare; homosexual and lesbian youth and their households; childrens with disabilities; and runaway and homeless formative years. The participants additionally discover concerns referring to foster care and adoption, together with a spotlight on permanency making plans for kids and early life and the necessity to offer providers which are individualized and culturally and spiritually aware of consumers. A assessment of salient systemic matters within the box of youngsters, adolescence, and relations companies completes this assortment.

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Initially their leaders perceived poverty as the fault and responsibility of the individual, and their programs were designed to help the individual correct the situation. They were opposed to monetary giving and to any public sector involvement in the relief of destitution; government was not to be trusted or to provide a “dole,” which would encourage laziness and moral decay. ] To accomplish this mission, the societies enlisted the aid of “friendly visitors”—the forerunner of the modern social worker—whose responsibilities were to seek out the poor, investigate their need, and certify them as worthy for private help.

These ideas had a profound influence on the orientation of the early social workers in the family service field. However, what the friendly visitors discovered was that much poverty was the result of societal forces far beyond the individual’s control. Many children were destitute not because their parents were lazy or immoral, but because jobs were not available, breadwinners were incapacitated by industrial accidents, or parents had died. Although the friendly visitors continued to minister to the poor on a case-by-case basis, their recognition of the social roots of poverty converged with the philosophy underlying the establishment of the first settlement houses at the end of the nineteenth century.

Hence, children moved quickly from infant status to serving essential economic functions for their families. Children were perceived as a scarce and valued resource for the nation, but little attention was paid to individual differences or needs, and the concept of children’s rights was nonexistent. As Hillary Rodham (1973:489) commented: In eighteenth century English common law, the term children’s rights would have been a non sequitur. Children were regarded as chattels of the ] family and wards of the state, with no recognized political character or power and few legal rights.

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