By Harry Hendrick
This e-book bargains a provocative account of latest guidelines on baby welfare and the ideological thrust at the back of them and gives an educated old point of view at the evolution of kid welfare over the past century. baby WELFARE; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgements; 1. baby welfare: methods of seeing; 2. offering for the 'children of the nation', 1880s-1918; three. baby welfare in a interval of financial and political crises, 1918-45; four. Optimism and liberalism: childrens of the welfare nation, 1945-79; five. The Conservative age: liberal moments amid poverty, ill-health and punishment, 1979-97; 6. New Labour and baby welfare: panopticism within the carrier of communitarianism; References; Index
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Additional resources for Child welfare : historical dimensions, contemporary debates
It was the kind of matter referred to by Shaftesbury in respect of cruelty to children as “so private, internal and domestic a character as to be beyond the reach of legislation” (quoted in Wohl, 1978, p 203). There was also the view that much of the sexuality of the working class resembled that of degenerates.
The nature of family discipline by this time had become the subject of some debate between what Behlmer refers to as democrats and autocrats – the latter giving approval to the infliction of physical pain on children while the for mer, much the minor ity, advocated restraint. Unsurprisingly, therefore, in its efforts to avoid unnecessary conflict, the Society “routinely dismissed complaints about mild beatings administered ‘to intensify the child’s hatred of wrong’” (Behlmer, 1982, pp 196-7). It was not concerned with “what is properly known as punishment” but with “inflictions … exceeding the limits of sound reason” (London SPCC, 1887-88, p 8).
These courts, however, rarely functioned. The lack of official interest could hardly be said to be caused by ignorance. The House of Lords Select Committee on the Protection of Young Girls (1882) and the Royal Commission on Housing of the Working Classes (1884-85) heard evidence concerning the prevalence of incest without recommending any reform of the law. Similarly, Andrew Mearns claimed in The bitter cry of outcast London that “incest is common”; and William Booth, the Salvationist, also stated that “Incest is so familiar as hardly to call for remark”.