CO2: A Valuable Source of Carbon by Marcello De De Falco, Gaetano Iaquaniello, Gabriele Centi

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By Marcello De De Falco, Gaetano Iaquaniello, Gabriele Centi

As the yearly creation of carbon Dioxide (CO2) reaches 30 billion tones, the starting to be factor of the greenhouse impression has prompted the improvement of applied sciences for CO2 sequestration, garage and use as a reactant. accumulating jointly the reviews of the Congress at college of Rome (Campus Bio-medico) held sixteenth April 2012, CO2: A worthy resource of Carbon offers and discusses promising applied sciences for the economic exploitation of CO2.

Divided into elements, the present know-how is evaluated and summarized prior to ecu and nationwide tasks are provided. the point of interest on CO2 restoration, rather in value-added construction, proposes appropriate tips on how to enhance sustainable practices or even to mitigate greenhouse fuel emission from large-scale fossil fuels usage.

Including present information and real-world examples, CO2: A precious resource of carbon offers scholars, engineers, researchers and expert with up to date fabric and capability components for improvement and study.

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Extra info for CO2: A Valuable Source of Carbon

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32 G. Centi et al. Current energy vectors based on liquid fuels are fulfilling all the requirements for suitable energy vectors, except the last point, particularly regarding the emissions of greenhouse gases, because the available catalytic technologies can effectively minimize the emissions of the other pollutants produced during the combustion (particularly NOx). Although challenging, to find an efficient solution to (re)use the CO2 produced during the combustion to form back fuels using renewable energy will be thus preferable and more sustainable than to develop new energy vectors and a new energy infrastructure.

4, 1216 (2011) 19. M. Mikkelsen, M. C. Krebs, Energy Environ. Sci. 3, 43 (2010) 20. W. R. W. D. Willauer, Energy Environ. Sci. 3, 884 (2010) 21. S. Fukuoka, I. Fukawa, M. Tojo, K. Oonishi, H. Hachiya, M. Aminaka, K. Hasegawa, K. Komiya, Catal. Surv. Asia 14, 146 (2010) 22. S. Bensaid, G. Centi, E. Garrone, S. Perathoner, G. Saracco, Chem. Sus. Chem. 5, 500 (2012) 23. G. Zakrzewska-Trznadel, Report from the European Workshop ‘‘CO2: From Waste to Value’’, European Commission March 2011 24. G. Centi, S.

3); • [C1 alcohols or hydrocarbons. Syngas may be produced also by reaction with hydrocarbons (particularly methane) through the so-called dry reforming (DR). The main potential advantage of this route is that it can be applied directly to flue gases (even if technical problems exist), while all the other routes require a first step of separation of CO2 from the flue gases. However, DR is an endothermic reaction occurring at high temperature (about 900–1,000 °C) and with formation of carbon (which deactivates the catalyst) as a side reaction.

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