Conflicts over Natural Resources in the Global South: by Maarten Bavinck, Lorenzo Pellegrini, Erik Mostert

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By Maarten Bavinck, Lorenzo Pellegrini, Erik Mostert

Inhabitants of negative, rural components within the worldwide South seriously rely on ordinary assets of their instant neighborhood. Conflicts over and exploitation of those assets – if it is water, fish, wooden gasoline, minerals, or land – critically impact their livelihoods. The participants to this quantity go away at the back of the polarised debate, formerly surrounding the connection among normal assets and clash, who prefer a extra nuanced procedure that permits for a number of factors at a number of degrees. The contributions conceal a wide range of assets, geographical contexts (Africa, Asia and Latin America), and clash dynamics. so much are of a comparative nature, exploring stories of clash in addition to cooperation in a number of regions.

This quantity reveals its beginning in an cutting edge study programme with the acronym CoCooN, recommended by means of The Netherlands corporation for medical examine (NWO/WOTRO) and related to universities and civil society companions in lots of nations. It offers the conceptual methods adhered to via each one of 7 interdisciplinary tasks, starting from eco-friendly criminology and political ecology to institutional research, criminal pluralism and identification politics. the amount could be of curiosity to teachers and practitioners enthusiastic about an knowing of clash in addition to cooperation over average resources.

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Zaal. 2012. Climate Change, Violent Conflict and Local Institutions in Kenya’s drylands. Journal of Peace Research Special Issue (ed. N. P. Gleditsch) 49, no. 1 (January): 65–80. Allan, J. A. 2001. The Middle East Water Question, Hydropolitics and the Global Economy. B. Tauris. Allen, C. 1999. Warfare, Endemic Violence and State Collapse in Africa. Review of African Political Economy 81: 376–384. Ascher, W. 1999. Why Governments Waste Natural Resources: Policy Failures in Developing Countries. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

E. de and H. Van Dijk. 2003. Risk Position and Local Politics in a Sahelian Society. The Fulbe of the Hayre in Central Mali. In African Environment and Development: Rhetoric, Programs, Realities, ed. B. Moseley and B. Ikubolajeh, 140–158. London: Ashgate Publishing. Burger, K. and F. Zaal. 2009. Sustainable Land Management in the Tropics. Explaining the Miracle. Farnham: Ashgate Büscher, B. 2009. Struggles over consensus, anti-politics and marketing. Neoliberalism and transfrontier conservation and development in Southern Africa.

Yet, there is a possibility that these local ‘green-wars’ escalate into more prominent national violence or even spill over to neighbouring countries. They must therefore be positioned and monitored in terms of declining rural livelihoods and related patterns of resource plunder, predation, overexploitation and depletion. At present it seems that rural livelihoods are allowed to deteriorate further in many countries, thereby increasing the chances that these types of conflict will emerge. The role of government (development) policy or mismanagement in forging or exacerbating socio-economic differentiation among different identity groups warrants further study.

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