By Buckner Edward, Zupko Jack
Translated, with advent and statement, via Edward Buckner and Jack Zupko
Duns Scotus (c. 1265-1308) is one in every of a handful of figures within the background of philosophy whose value is really tricky to overestimate. regardless of an instructional occupation that lasted slightly twenty years, and diverse writings left in quite a few states of incompletion at his demise, his notion has been profoundly influential within the heritage of western philosophy.
The questions about Aristotle's 'De interpretatione' is an early paintings, most likely written at Oxford within the ultimate decade of the 13th century. The questions, that have come all the way down to us in units ('Opus I' and 'Opus II'), probably originated from Scotus's lecture room lectures on Aristotle's textual content, a piece referred to now by way of its Latin identify, De interpretatione.
The De interpretatione (or Perihermenias within the unique Greek) used to be understood within the medieval collage as a piece of dialectic or good judgment, even if the textual content itself offers with topics we'd these days deliberate to belong to the intersection of metaphysics and the philosophy of language: the semantics of time, life, modality, and quantification. At its center is the $64000 and nonetheless philosophically proper query of ways we will be able to speak about issues which not exist, or which don't but exist. the themes lined contain reference and signification; life and essence; fact and its relation to objects. what's the courting among life in fact and life within the realizing? Does the that means of a reputation rely on the life of the items falling below it? Is the current time all that exists? If a proposition concerning the destiny may be actual now, what now makes it true?
The English translation comprises an intensive statement explaining and elaborating on a number of the tougher principles Scotus develops within the paintings, putting them within the context of the educating of common sense and metaphysics in late-thirteenth century Europe.
ABOUT THE TRANSLATORS
Edward Buckner is an autonomous pupil. Jack Zupko is on the college of Alberta, Canada.
PRAISE FOR THE ebook
"An tremendous major contribution to the learn of Scotus, and, specifically, to the historical past concepts/sources for a few of his extra very important philosophical positions." --Mary Beth Ingham, Franciscan college of Philosophy, Berkeley
Read Online or Download Duns Scotus on Time and Existence: The Questions on Aristotle's 'De interpretatione' PDF
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Additional resources for Duns Scotus on Time and Existence: The Questions on Aristotle's 'De interpretatione'
2, in César et le Phénix: Distinctiones et sophismata parisiens du XIIIe siècle, ed. ” 51. ), The Complete Works of Aristotle: The Revised Oxford Translation, 2 vols. : Princeton University Press, 1984), 1:29. 18 Introduction or so that it signifies now that something will happen. And these are different, for to signify that it is now true that a is going to happen signifies more than to signify (now) that a will happen. Any proposition signifying that a state of affairs is true now is related differently to being than one signifying (albeit signifying now) that a state of affairs exists in the future.
Proof of the major: signifying presupposes understanding. Proof of the minor: everything capable of being understood produces a species in the intellect; a non-being does not produce a species in the intellect; therefore, etc. Proof of the minor: first, when the cause is destroyed, so is the effect; the thing is the cause of the species; therefore, the species is destroyed when the thing is destroyed. Second, when the significate is destroyed, so is the sign; the thing is the significate; therefore, when the thing is destroyed, so is the species.
Also Thomas Aquinas, Sent. De an. 3 (XLV1 216b). 20. 72a29–30) [hereafter “Anal. ” 21. Aristotle, De interpr. 1, c. ” 22. 165a5–6) [hereafter “De soph. ” 23. ” 24. Aristotle, De soph. elench. ” 25. Aristotle, Metaph. ” Opus I 31 [That Names Do Not Signify Species]  It seems, however, that a species would not be signified.  Because in that case, every name would signify some accident, since the species is in the soul as in a subject, just like the visible species in the eye.  Because in that case, every affirmative proposition would be false in which the subject and predicate are cognized through different species, as in ‘a man is an animal,’ since the species of man through which that proposition is understood is one thing and that of animal is another.