Regulating Agricultural Biotechnology: Economics and Policy by Richard E. Just, Julian M. Alston, David Zilberman

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By Richard E. Just, Julian M. Alston, David Zilberman

This booklet offers the 1st thorough fiscal research of present agricultural biotechnology rules. The participants, so much of whom are agricultural economists operating both in universities or NGOs, handle concerns similar to advertisement insecticides, the prices of approving new items, legal responsibility, advantages, customer reputation, law and its affects, transgenic vegetation, social welfare implications, and biosafety.

Richard E. simply is distinct collage Professor and previous Chair, division of Agricultural and source Economics, collage of Maryland at school Park.

Julian M. Alston is Professor, division of Agricultural and source Economics, collage of California at Davis.

David Zilberman is Chair, division of Agricultural and source Economics, college of California at Berkeley.

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The "risk cup" is a term that the EPA uses when describing setting the tolerances allowing for exposures from multiple dietary sources. If the risk cup is overflowing, then tolerances must be set to reduce exposure from some uses, and EPA seeks to accomplish that in a least-cost way. Because exposure is often the result of a pesticide being used on a number of different food sources (crops), and these crops often have diverse pest control issues, pesticides have different marginal productivities for different crops depending on factors such as pest damage issues, pattern and timing of pesticide use, potential pest control alternatives, and crop value.

It is only in those cases where both risk and benefits are high that some sort of tradeoff is likely to occur, and for which economic analysis may be an important factor in determining the ultimate regulatory decision as to what pesticide uses should be found eligible for reregistration. The Office of Pesticide Programs is expected to complete its existing reregistrafion program in 2006, after which the registration review process will begin. Another regulatory area where economic analysis informs regulatory decisions is for emergency exemption requests for temporary registration of unregistered uses of pesticides (section 18 of FIFRA).

Preventing public health risks or disruptions in the food supply). Either a tolerance or a tolerance exemption must be granted before a pesticide can be registered for use on a food crop. Understanding the role of economic analysis in pesticide regulation within this statutory mandate, therefore, is key for those interested in conducting policy-relevant economic research on regulating agricultural biotechnology related to plant-incorporated protectants. There are opportunities for economics to inform the regulatory process, and the next section provides a general overview of these opportunities.

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