By Brian Allen Drake
In his advent, Brian Allen Drake describes the sparse physique of environmental historical past literature with regards to the Civil warfare and lays out a blueprint for the theoretical foundation of every essay. Kenneth W. Noe emphasizes weather and its results on agricultural output and the battlefield; Timothy Silver explores the function of ailment between troops and animals; Megan Kate Nelson examines aridity and Union defeat in 1861 New Mexico; Kathryn Shively Meier investigates infantrymen’ responses to sickness within the Peninsula crusade; Aaron Sachs, John C. Inscoe, and Lisa M. Brady research philosophical and ideological views on nature ahead of, in the course of, and after the warfare; Drew Swanson discusses the war’s position in construction and panorama swap in piedmont tobacco nation; Mart A. Stewart muses at the significance of environmental wisdom and event for squaddies, civilians, and slaves; Timothy Johnson elucidates the ecological underpinnings of debt peonage in the course of Reconstruction; eventually, Paul S. Sutter speculates at the way forward for Civil battle environmental reports. The Blue, the grey, and the Green offers a provocative environmental observation that enriches our realizing of the Civil War.
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Extra info for The Blue, the Gray, and the Green: Toward an Environmental History of the Civil War
27. , Dayton, ohio: Morningside, 1984), 411, 411–12n2. 28. David M. Ludlum, Early American Winters II, 1821– 1870 (Boston: American Meteorological Society, 1968), 133, 169; Steinberg, Down to Earth, 97. 29. Tucker, Chickamauga, 411–12; Peter Cozzens, This Terrible Sound: The Battle of Chickamauga (Urbana: University of illinois Press, 1992), 97, 118, 280, 305, 319, 511, 569n63. 30. Mark R. Wilson, The Business of Civil War: Military Mobilization and the State, 1861–1865 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006), 140– 47; kirby, “The American Civil War: An Environmental View”; Fiege, “Gettysburg,” 98, 104–5; G.
William Rosecrans and Braxton Bragg, who had complained constantly of extreme heat and dust, now recorded in their letters and diaries a dramatic change in the weather on the night of September 17–18, one marked by a cold north wind and near freezing temperatures. Two nights later, as survivors tried to recover from the first day of the Battle of Chickamauga, frost covered the ground, the wounded, and the dead. 29 Extreme weather such as this additionally affected all kinds of horses and mules, the motive power of Civil War armies.
32 When soldiers wrote about the weather, however, they usually meant bad weather. in an effort to consider the broader linkage between combat and such inclement conditions, i have constructed a rather basic database, using standard secondary narratives of the major battles and campaigns as well as a growing number of primary accounts. Using local weather patterns as the main criterion sometimes necessitated the separation of battles from the wider campaigns, or the division of long campaigns such as Sherman’s march into weather- based phases.