By Rudolf Carnap
To be had for the 1st time in two decades, listed here are very important works from the Nineteen Twenties by way of the best-known consultant of the Vienna Circle. within the Logical constitution of the area, Carnap adopts the location of “methodological solipsism” and exhibits that it really is attainable to explain the area from the rapid info of expertise. In his Pseudoproblems in Philosophy, he asserts that many philosophical difficulties are meaningless.
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On hand for the 1st time in two decades, listed below are vital works from the Twenties through the best-known consultant of the Vienna Circle. within the Logical constitution of the area, Carnap adopts the location of “methodological solipsism” and indicates that it truly is attainable to explain the realm from the rapid info of expertise.
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Additional info for The Logical Structure of the World and Pseudoproblems in Philosophy (Open Court Classics)
The structure description forms the highest level of formalization in the representation of a domain. Thesis: the representation of the world in science is fundamentally a structure description ( 12). , a characterization which allows an unequivocal identification of that object in the object domain in question (13). Thesis: every object of science can be uniquely characterized within its object domain through mere structure statements (14, 15). Hence it is in principle possible to transform all statements of science into structure statements; indeed, this transformation is necessary if science is to advance from the subjective to the objective: all genuine science is structural science 28 (16).
Then a is said to be reducible to b, c, . Thus we can say more briefly but with less precision that an object is said to be "reducible" to others, if all statements about it can be translated into statements which speak only about these other objects. . " . 85 Relationszahl . 1 61 In the simplest and most important case the object to be reduced occurs alone and without the other objects in the propositional function in question. EXAMPLE. "x is a prime number" is coextensive with " x is a natural number whose only divisors are 1 and x itself".
EXAMPLES: Propositional functions: a. Property. From the sentence "Berlin is a city in Germany" results, by deletion of the subject term "Berlin", a propositional function with one argument position, namely, ". . is a city in Germany" or "x is a city in Germany". It represents the property of being a city in Germany, or, more briefly, the concept "city in Germany". This incomplete symbol is turned into a true sentence by substituting the name "Hamburg", into a false sentence through substitution of the name "Paris", while substituting the word "moon" produces a meaningless string of words.