Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations (S U N Y Series by William H. Brenner

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By William H. Brenner

An imaginitive and fascinating exposition of subject matters from Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, this booklet is helping readers locate their means round the "forest of feedback" that make up this vintage. Chapters on language, brain, colour, quantity, God, worth, and philosophy strengthen an important topic: that there are lots of sorts of language use--a sort philosophy must examine yet has a tendency to miss.

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Cf. PI, secs. , that "healthy" is said of an organism primarily and of a diet and complexion secondarily, in relation to health in the organism. (I say a bit more about this in Logic and Philosophy, pp. LFM, pp. 231232 and 235. Compare Z, sec. 372. 48. For more on the logic of color terms, see "Color Grammar," below. 37 of 203 10/13/2010 11:09 PM file:///home/gyuri/downloads/elozoek/zips/brenner/... Page 33 erned nature of our languages permeates our life" (RC, p. 57). But what are rules? What is it for language to be rule governed?

68 He doesn't call it "boo" because it is boo; it's "boo" because he calls it that. He is teaching his assistants a new color word of his own invention. Then he can order them to go to the 50 of 203 10/13/2010 11:09 PM file:///home/gyuri/downloads/elozoek/zips/brenner/... store and buy boo-colored cloth. He 67. Compare PI, sec. 294. 68. See my comments on PI, sec. 185 (pp. 3435, above). " For that patch now has a paradigmatic, normative function in the language game. And so it is no longer the tailor's calling it "boo" that makes it boo: he may be pointing to the wrong patch of cloth; he may be mistaking the "blue" for the "boo'' paradigm because of bad lighting or the like.

Page 26 counted as an empirical discovery while now it counts as a defining criterion illustrates the "fluctuation of scientific definitions" alluded to at the close of this section. , "I do not call this love because . . ," or my saying it can mean that I do not think it is love because people do not usually behave as he did. (If as a matter of fact a certain feeling almost always goes together with a certain behavior, we are inclined to use the feeling and behavior alternatively as criteria for love.

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